5G is a new type of network infrastructure that realizes the interconnection of humans, machines and things, and an important driving force for the digital transformation of the economy and society. 5G is opening a new journey of ubiquitous interconnection of all things, deep human-machine interaction, and intelligence-led changes with a brand-new network architecture, which will have a profound impact on the human economy and society.
At present, all countries in the world are accelerating the development of 5G, the deployment of 5G networks is gradually expanding, the technology industry is accelerating innovation, and more and more countries have announced the commercial use of 5G. On the whole, the global 5G commercialization is still in the early stage. my country has made many positive progress since the commercialization of 5G in June 2019. However, it is also necessary to realize that 5G will still be in the “introduction period” in the next three years, and application cultivation still needs at least 2 years. ~3 years. The prosperity of the 5G application ecology is inseparable from the maturity of the technology industry, and requires the collaborative innovation of vertical industries. It is necessary to objectively understand and accurately grasp the law of 5G development to promote the successful commercial use of 5G.
First, from the perspective of the development law of mobile communication, the “introduction period” is the only way for the development of mobile communication in the past dynasties. From 2G to 4G, the development of new services in the mobile communications of previous generations cannot be accomplished overnight. From the perspective of personal-oriented applications, the emergence of new applications and new models requires relatively complete network coverage support and the accumulation of a certain user group. For example, the emergence of 3G has brought fire to mobile e-commerce and social applications, and 4G has stimulated mobile payment and short-term Video, etc., and these “killer” personal user services basically appear 2-3 years after the network is commercialized. At present, my country’s 5G network construction is accelerating, and 5G terminal connections have exceeded 120 million. It is believed that 5G will stimulate technological innovations such as ultra-high-definition video, VR (virtual reality)/AR (augmented reality), and holography, creating a new model beyond imagination. ,New Experience. From the perspective of industry-oriented applications, the introduction period for cultivating new models and formats will take longer. In the 3G/4G era, commercial use in my country was many years later than in the world. Thanks to the use of foreign innovative application models such as social networks, the time for application exploration in my country has been greatly shortened. At present, my country’s 5G application exploration has entered the “innovation frontier area”, especially the 5G application for enterprises and governments has no ready-made experience to follow, and requires more trial and error than the 3G/4G era. Taking Narrowband Internet of Things (NB-IoT) as an example, my country started related work in 2017 and achieved over 100 million NB-IoT connections in February 2020. It took three years of development to initially establish an industrial ecology.
Second, from the perspective of application innovation, the cultivation of 5G industry applications depends on the continuous maturity and improvement of the technology industry. The most important breakthrough of 5G is to expand from the field of personal consumption to the field of industry, opening a new era of Internet of Everything, but 5G and other new technologies, new products and new processes need to continue to explore and mature in practice. First of all, application innovation needs to be led by technical standards. Currently, two 5G standard versions, R15 and R16, have been released. Among them, the standards for low-latency and high-reliability application scenarios such as the Industrial Internet and the Internet of Vehicles have just been completed in July this year. Massive machine-type communication scenarios with power consumption are the target direction of the third edition of the standard (R17), which is expected to be completed by the end of 2021, and it will take longer for related equipment products to mature. Secondly, application cultivation requires the support of key links in the industry. Technologies such as network slicing, edge computing, and millimeter wave are the keys to unlocking the full potential of 5G. The maturity of its technical products will directly affect the commercial effect of 5G. However, many of these technologies still need further testing and verification. 5G module products, virtual private network solutions, etc. still need to further optimize functions and reduce costs in order to accelerate the cultivation and exploration of industry applications and accelerate the pace of 5G commercial use.
Third, from the perspective of the prosperity and development of the industrial ecology, the cultivation of 5G industry applications requires the coordinated efforts of all parties to promote each other and complement each other. On the one hand, the variety of industry applications is rich but the scenarios are fragmented. In addition, the informatization foundation of various vertical industries is uneven and the standards are not connected with each other. As a result, there are problems in the formation of 5G industry application models and large-scale replication and promotion, and information communication is required. and vertical industries and other industries to meet each other halfway and work together to solve the problem. On the other hand, 5G is essentially a basic network that provides ubiquitous connectivity, and cannot solve problems such as precise control and intelligent decision-making in fields such as industry, transportation, and medical care alone. Only by integrating and innovating with each other, can these technologies give full play to the empowerment effect of the industry.
The development of 5G is a long-term and systematic project, which requires firm confidence and patience. It is necessary to recognize its strategic value and respect its development laws. In the ten years of mobile communication, the formation of technical standards of each generation, the change of network terminal equipment, and the prosperity of the industrial ecology are not achieved overnight. my country has taken multiple measures to accelerate the commercialization of 5G, and the exploration of integrated applications is very enthusiastic. For example, the “Blooming Cup” 5G application competition has been successfully held for three consecutive years, and the number of participating units and projects has increased year by year. This year, a total of 4,289 projects were collected; application scenarios penetrated It is becoming more and more mature, and has created a “model room” for application innovation in the fields of medical care, coal mines and ports; the trend of multi-industry and multi-subject synergy in the industry is gradually increasing, and all parties are adopting various forms such as pilot demonstrations and industry-fusion cooperation. , to accelerate the implementation and promotion of excellent cases, and to jointly cultivate and expand the new situation of the 5G industry application ecology is accelerating.