On January 5, the China Information and Electronic Engineering Science and Technology Development Strategy Research Center held a press conference at the Chinese Academy of Engineering to announce the “Fourteen Major Trends of China’s electronic Information Engineering Science and Technology Development (2021)”. The fourteen major trends released this time are:
The wave of informatization characterized by digitization, networking, and intelligence is in the ascendant, and information technology is changing with each passing day, and it is fully integrated into social production and life. The continuous and deep integration of information technology and various industries has profoundly changed the global economic and political pattern, security and competition pattern, and social development and governance system pattern.
2. Computer Systems and Software
With the development of social informatization, computing power has become an important basis for human productivity and national competitiveness. Supercomputing systems are moving from the post-P-class era to the E-class, and become the next target of the world’s major countries competing for development. The rapid rise of the domain-specific software and hardware collaborative computing model has brought the computer architecture into a new golden development period. Supercomputing is rapidly expanding from scientific engineering computing to emerging computing fields such as big data processing and artificial intelligence. A number of new concept computing models represented by quantum computing and brain-like computing are receiving extensive attention from the global industry.
3. Network and Communication
The construction of 5G mobile information network is accelerated, and challenges remain in its promotion and vertical integration with various industries. 6G R&D accelerates the layout. Although the Internet is still the dominant architecture supporting the global information transmission infrastructure in the next ten years, it also faces unprecedented challenges brought about by diverse application demands such as the Internet of Everything and the Internet of Everything era toB, toM, and toX. Gigabit access, P-bit-level transmission, and E-bit-level forwarding will bring a higher experience, and can support new networks of ternary interconnection between people, networks, and things, such as the Industrial Internet, the world-earth integrated network, the ocean network, the digital twin network, and the Internet of Things. The environment will change the development paradigm of network technology.
4. Computer Applications
Facing the new demands of the “intelligence +” era of the integration of people, networks and things, focusing on the development of computer application industries such as intelligent manufacturing, online collaborative office, intelligent telemedicine, and digital anti-epidemic, big data intelligence, swarm intelligence, Breakthroughs have been made in hybrid augmented intelligence, cross-media intelligence, autonomous unmanned systems, and brain-inspired technologies to promote the innovative development of new application models, new means, and new ecosystems in the age of intelligence.
Driven by the strategic demand of “dual circulation”, information security technology accelerates the search for a new paradigm of development, and promotes the transformation of the security empowerment method from an external add-on form to an endogenous structure form, from a border defense model to a zero-trust architecture, and from targeting the local area network to facing the cloud. The transformation of the environment and endogenous structure, from the traditional technology route of separation of functional safety and network security is changing to an integrated solution, a new generation of information technology innovation with functions such as endogenous safety, intelligent prediction, active defense and adaptive response The practice is accelerating to support the construction of new security-oriented infrastructure.
6. Integrated Circuits
In the past 50 years, the integrated circuit industry has continued to develop at a high speed following Moore’s Law. At this stage, the planar layout of Transistor miniaturization is approaching the physical and technological limits, and the trend of industrial technology evolution has slowed down or changed its track. The development of three-dimensional transistor structure technology, the birth of wafer-level integration technology, the progress of system structure, new materials and new process technology, and the rapid development of optoelectronic technology will continue to promote the innovation of information infrastructure and the transformation of physical form.
As a ubiquitous existence, big data is the largest and exponentially growing basic resource of the information society. Data mobility has become a basic feature of data. The value of data is high, the scale of data collections is constantly expanding, there are many types, and the speed of generation is fast. The total amount of network data is rapidly increasing to EB, ZB, YB and even BB level. Data science and engineering are urgently needed. A major innovation in technology to enable huge data to generate huge value.
The demand for intelligent development promotes the integrated development trend of sensors and front-end intelligent processing. While improving the construction of military-civilian Earth observation systems, countries are actively planning a new round of layout. Remote sensing technology for climate and environmental monitoring has become a research hotspot. The rapid growth of the remote sensing market and the urgent needs of space science exploration missions are driving innovation and development in the field of remote sensing, and domestic sensors have entered a stage of rapid development.
9. Electromagnetic Fields and Electromagnetic Environmental Effects
With the rapid development of 5G, Internet of Things, unmanned systems, artificial intelligence and other technical fields and the construction and application of advanced intelligent equipment or systems, electromagnetic environment adaptability and electromagnetic safety have become research hotspots. The construction and development of the discipline of electromagnetic fields and electromagnetic environmental effects, as well as its in-depth integration with mathematics, physics, information, materials, biology and other disciplines, will continue to emerge a large number of basic research problems and emerging technology research needs, further promoting the sustainable development of this field With progress, and promote the solution of related “stuck neck” bottleneck problems.
The changes in algorithms, computing power and data in the information society have enabled typical controlled objects in physical spaces such as industrial production processes, major equipment, and autonomous moving bodies to achieve decision-making optimization and collaborative control on a larger scale and at a deeper level. The integrated development of artificial intelligence and control technology promotes the innovation of basic theoretical methods represented by industrial artificial intelligence; the integration of 5G and edge computing and control technology promotes the comprehensive upgrade of the hardware, software and platform of the new generation of control systems to “industrial Internetization”.
The accelerated integration of brain and cognitive science and artificial intelligence is widely used in unmanned systems, intelligent imaging, intelligent vision, big data intelligence and other fields. The development of new brain observation instruments, the revealing of new cognitive mechanisms, the theory and technology of general artificial intelligence, and the research on computing systems and devices have become the frontiers of international competition.
12. Test Metrology and Instrumentation
The impact of the redefinition of the seven basic physical quantities of the International System of Units based on constants continues to deepen, and the construction of a national measurement system based on quantization and “digitization, networking and intelligence” is increasingly urgent; measuring instruments marked by quantization and “” A new generation of instruments such as industrial measuring instruments marked by “digitization, networking and intelligence” has begun to emerge; in the face of threats to human health from new coronavirus, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, cancer and other diseases, plan and strengthen life science metrology and medical metrology Basic research on detection, planning and strengthening of life science instruments, research, development and production of medical testing, diagnosis, treatment and nursing instruments have become urgent topics.
The development of blockchain technology has continued to innovate, and technological breakthroughs have been made in terms of on-chain and off-chain data collaboration, software and hardware integration, etc. Alliance data is more collaborative, network scale is wider, technical operation and maintenance is more refined, and platform security is more controllable is the development direction. The construction of city-level blockchain infrastructure network has become a hot spot, and a number of demonstration applications have emerged in serving the real economy, serving government affairs and people’s livelihood. The development of blockchain standards is accelerating, the number of patent applications is growing rapidly, and the regulatory framework is gradually taking shape. The development of new digital currencies is accelerating, and the global financial system may usher in a new round of changes.
14. Optical Engineering
The multi-dimensional photoelectric detection and information transmission technology of space targets integrated with space and earth has become the next target for the development of countries in this field. According to the needs of land, sea, air and space information security, it is the future development trend to carry out high-precision, high-real-time, multi-dimensional, multi-functional, wide-band photoelectric detection, identification, protection, evaluation and information transmission.
At the press conference, Academician Chen Zuoning, vice president of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, said that the Department of Information and Electronics of the Chinese Academy of Engineering has carried out a series of research work on the “China Electronic Information Engineering Technology Development Research” since 2014. The main goal is to analyze and study the annual scientific and technological development in the field of electronic information. , comprehensively expounding the important breakthroughs and landmark achievements in this field at home and abroad, and providing a reference for Chinese scientific and technological personnel to accurately grasp the development trend of the electronic information field. In November 2015, the China Information and Electronic Engineering Science and Technology Development Strategy Research Center was jointly established by the Chinese Academy of Engineering, the Central Cyberspace Administration of China, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and China Electronics Technology Group to carry out this research in depth. Since 2018, two academicians, Yu Shaohua and Lu Jun, have been in charge of the academicians of the Department of Organization, mobilizing more than 300 experts in various fields, giving full play to the intellectual advantages of experts and scholars at all levels in national ministries, enterprises and institutions, and universities and research institutes, and completed 13 fields. “China Electronic Information Engineering Science and Technology Development Research” comprehensive report (including comprehensive articles and special articles), special booklets and other series of research results.
Chen Zuoning said that the research results of the Blue Book series answered four key questions. The first is to point out the advantages, disadvantages and positions of my country in terms of technology and industry, especially in key or core areas, compared with the rest of the world. The second is to judge and propose the basic trends, highlights and hot spots of technological development. The third is to analyze the industrial situation and the basic competition pattern. The fourth is to summarize the main problems existing in technology and industrial development environment, and put forward suggestions in a targeted manner.
Academician Lu Xicheng, director of the Department of Information and Electronics, Chinese Academy of Engineering, released the “Fourteen Major Trends in the Development of China’s Electronic Information Engineering Technology (2021)”, and Academician Yu Shaohua introduced the research work and writing process.
According to Academician Yu Shaohua, the Blue Book Project has published 3 comprehensive reports and 13 special booklets. In the future, 10 special topics have been published and 20 special topics have been planned. On the basis of the results of the Blue Book series, the annual “challenges” and “trends” are released every year to provide reference for Chinese scientific and technological personnel to accurately grasp the development trend of the electronic information field and provide support for my country to formulate the development strategy of electronic information technology.
Academician Fei Aiguo, Academician Tan Jiubin, Academician Liu Shanghe, Academician Jun Jun, Academician Su Donglin, and Academician Yao Fuqiang of the Chinese Academy of Engineering participated in the launch event through video connection.